In , Harvard political science professor Gary King led a study to determine what caused social media posts to be censored and found that posts mentioning the government were not more or less likely to be deleted if they were supportive or critical of the government. Posts mentioning collective action were more likely to be deleted than those that had not mentioned collective action.
Censorship and Classification in Australia
For the Chinese government, seeing citizens unhappy with local governance is beneficial as state and national leaders can replace unpopular officials. King and his researchers were able to predict when certain officials would be removed based on the number of unfavorable social media posts. Research has proved that criticism is tolerable on social media sites, therefore it is not censored unless it has a higher chance of collective action. It isn't important whether the criticism is supportive or unsupportive of the states' leaders, the main priority of censoring certain social media posts is to make sure that no big actions are being made due to something that was said on the internet.
Posts that challenge the Party's political leading role in the Chinese government are more likely to be censored due to the challenges it poses to the Chinese Communist Party. Since the early s, advocates of video games have emphasized their use as an expressive medium , arguing for their protection under the laws governing freedom of speech and also as an educational tool.
Detractors argue that video games are harmful and therefore should be subject to legislative oversight and restrictions. Many video games have certain elements removed or edited due to regional rating standards. Decapitation scenes are implied, but not shown. Scenes of missing body parts after having been cut off, are replaced with the same scene, but showing the body parts fully intact.
Surveillance and censorship are different. Surveillance can be performed without censorship, but it is harder to engage in censorship without some form of surveillance. Protection of sources is no longer just a matter of journalistic ethics; it increasingly also depends on the journalist's computer skills and all journalists should equip themselves with a "digital survival kit" if they are exchanging sensitive information online or storing it on a computer or mobile phone.
The former Soviet Union maintained a particularly extensive program of state-imposed censorship.
Glavlit censorship personnel were present in every large Soviet publishing house or newspaper; the agency employed some 70, censors to review information before it was disseminated by publishing houses, editorial offices, and broadcasting studios. No mass medium escaped Glavlit ' s control. All press agencies and radio and television stations had Glavlit representatives on their editorial staffs. Sometimes, public knowledge of the existence of a specific document is subtly suppressed, a situation resembling censorship.
The authorities taking such action will justify it by declaring the work to be " subversive " or "inconvenient". An example is Michel Foucault 's text Sexual Morality and the Law later republished as The Danger of Child Sexuality , originally published as La loi de la pudeur [literally, "the law of decency"].
This work defends the decriminalization of statutory rape and the abolition of age of consent laws. When a publisher comes under pressure to suppress a book, but has already entered into a contract with the author, they will sometimes effectively censor the book by deliberately ordering a small print run and making minimal, if any, attempts to publicize it. This practice became known in the early s as privishing priv ate publ ishing. Censorship has been criticized throughout history for being unfair and hindering progress.
In a essay on Internet censorship, social commentator Michael Landier claims that censorship is counterproductive as it prevents the censored topic from being discussed. Landier expands his argument by claiming that those who impose censorship must consider what they censor to be true, as individuals believing themselves to be correct would welcome the opportunity to disprove those with opposing views.
Censorship and Classification in Australia – Parliament of Australia
Censorship is often used to impose moral values on society, as in the censorship of material considered obscene. English novelist E. Forster was a staunch opponent of censoring material on the grounds that it was obscene or immoral, raising the issue of moral subjectivity and the constant changing of moral values. When the novel Lady Chatterley's Lover was put on trial in , Forster wrote: . Lady Chatterley's Lover is a literary work of importance I do not think that it could be held obscene, but am in a difficulty here, for the reason that I have never been able to follow the legal definition of obscenity.
The law tells me that obscenity may deprave and corrupt, but as far as I know, it offers no definition of depravity or corruption. Censorship by country collects information on censorship, internet censorship , press freedom , freedom of speech , and human rights by country and presents it in a sortable table, together with links to articles with more information.
In addition to countries, the table includes information on former countries, disputed countries, political sub-units within countries, and regional organizations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For Wikipedia's policy concerning censorship, see Wikipedia:Wikipedia is not censored. The practice of suppressing information.
Main article: Political censorship. Main article: Censorship in Canada. Main article: Censorship in Cuba. Main article: Censorship in China. Main article: Censorship in Iran. Main article: Censorship in North Korea. See also: Censorship in Serbia. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Further information: Censorship in Singapore and Media censorship in Singapore. Main article: Censorship in the Soviet Union. Main article: Censorship in Spain. See also: Censorship in Turkey and block of Wikipedia in Turkey. Main article: Censorship in the United Kingdom. Main article: Censorship by religion. Main article: Self-censorship.
Main article: Book censorship. Main article: Film censorship. Main article: Censorship of music. Main article: Censorship of maps. Main article: Internet censorship. Little or no. Main articles: Video game censorship and List of regionally censored video games. See also: Surveillance , Mass surveillance , and Computer and network surveillance. Main article: Censorship by country.
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